American Architecture

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Georgian 1690-1790

Federal (also called Adam and Jeffersonian) 1790-1830

Greek Revival 1820-1860

Gothic Revival 1830-1870

Italianate and Italian Villa 1840-1890

Second Empire 1855-1885

Richardson Romanesque 1870-1900

Queen Anne 1870-1910

Shingle Style 1874-Present

Colonial Revival 1890-Present

Bungalow Arts and Crafts 1890-1920

American Foursquare 1895-1930


When the pilgrims first sailed into what is now Plymouth Massachusetts, in the winter or 1620, they faced a hostile, rugged wilderness and bitterly cold climate. Although over half of then died that first winter, the settlement at Plymouth took hold. By 1643 20,000 settlers had arrived from England. The prospect of land to farm and timber to build a home was a great incentive even for those who were not escaping religious persecution. The Pilgrims brought the memory of the basic 17th century dwellings, based on the medieval technique of post and beam construction with them. The first homes were simple timber structures with thatched roofs and white limestone walls. They soon learned that the harsh New England winters required adaptions to the traditional style. They protected the exterior with horizontal, hand cut clapboards and roof thatch with wood shingles to withstand the biting northeast winds. There are still examples of this early Colonial style existing today, the most famous, Turner-Ingersall House (House of the Seven Gables) in Salem, MA, Paul Revere House, Boston, MA, and many homes built before 1700 still being used as residences throughout New England.
As the New England colonies grew and prospered, the new architectural styles and building techniques that made their way across the sea from England were adopted by New England craftsman with a unique New England adaptation. With the beginning of the 18th century, the Georgian style was all the rage, replacing the Colonial. By 1780 the Federal style replaced the Georgian and was interpreted and brought to a high level of design excellence by America's first trained architects. Next there was a procession of distinctly American styles, from Greek Revival to present day, most originating in New England.
There is such a rich architectural heritage and wonderfully preserved stock of antique homes in our New England area, We thought you might like an introduction to the styles and their history. It's surprising how much the town's architecture reveals about the town's history if you know the dates of the predominant architectural style in town.

There is a wealth of information at local libraries and historical societies available for your own study if you want more information.
We hope you enjoy this feature and would like your comments.

RealViews Legal News Update March, 2012

By its very nature, Medicare is a sitting duck for fraudulent activity. Why? Because the government pays on an honor system, requiring only electronic submission to claim for services or goods provided by a health care provider. This simple procedure was designed into the system to speed payments to doctors who would treat the poor and needy when the program rolled out in 1965. However, it wasnít long before criminal minds discovered the bonanza this lack of oversight afforded them. No built-in checks and balances or due diligence exists to protect the Medicare giant from the onslaught of devious and criminal elements ever seeking new ways to rob from the Medicare giantís piggybank. It is only when the fraud is large or blatant enough that the government and Medicare will try to recover their funds. Visit the Medicare Fraud Reporting Center for more information.

Federal antitrust laws were first passed more than 100 years ago to protect consumers from unfair business practices that can drive out competitors and push up prices. Congress has passed three major acts dealing with competition, pricing and monopolies, and has regularly added amendments to strengthen the provisions and reflect the changing times. Enforcement of these laws protects the public from overspending, encourages choice within the market and protects businesses from competitors who seek to gain an unfair advantage. Visit the Antitrust Law Center for more information.

Over three dozen former players joined a lawsuit against the NFL which was filed in a Miami court. The suit filed in Miami is yet another one against the NFL and is among the more than a dozen lawsuits filed in different Districts. The lawsuits claim that the National Football League has been ignoring evidence which suggests that repeated head injuries could cause long-term medical issues. The health problems include depression, migraine headaches, and memory loss. Please visit the NFL Head Injury Claims Center for more information.

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