Arts and Crafts 1890 - 1920


Arts and Crafts, Hanover, MA

Arts and Crafts, Hanover, MA

Craftsman and Bungalow style was the dominant style for smaller house built from 1905 until the 1920's and originated in Southern California. It spread across the country in pattern books and magazines and made its way to New England with its own interpretation. The style faded and few were built after 1930. High quality examples remain and have great appeal to some people.

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The Arts and Crafts style also referred to as the Craftsmen style and sometimes interchanged with the Bungalow style grew out of the Arts and Crafts Movement which originated in England with William Morris and Ruskin. Although England let the movement, each nation molded the arts and craft concept to its own interpretation. British architects sought inspiration in the small buildings of medieval village, the "Cotswold Cottage" stripped to its bones, American architects incorporated Colonial Revival elements. Rather than revive past styles, Arts and Crafts architects made use of historic forms for contemporary ends. Large or small, these homes were informal, generally asymmetrical, and functional. Several forms flourished in the United States, the low-slung Bungalow and the Craftsman house popularized in Gustav Stickley's magazine, The Craftsman.

Craftsmen, Hanover, MA

The care given to the details of the Arts and Crafts style houses gave rise to the planned "decor" with built-ins, and stairs, windows, doorways, walls and ceilings all constructed in the same wooden aesthetic. Natural materials such as wood, tile and stone were commonly used. The overall effect is a natural, warm, livable building.The most famous Craftsmen style American architects were Charles and Henry Greene who combined high standards and natural materials to the design of small houses and have the credit for popularizing the Bungalow style which grew out of the Craftsman - Arts and Crafts style.

The Bungalow has certain basic characteristics. Its lines are low and simple with wide projecting roofs. It may have two stories with a large porch and is made with materials that suggest a cozy cottage.It was sometimes refered to as the "most house for the least money" and although low cost materials were emphasized for construction, the Bungalow was not inexpensive. It depends on a costly foundation, wall and roof areas because of the spread out first floor.

The interior has an open floor plan designed to bring the family together in combination stair halls/living rooms and dining rooms, while inglnooks, window seats and planned recesses encouraged private complatative activities like reading and study.